Dating back to 1948, UC Berkeley has a long-standing tradition of healthcare management education.
Establishment of the UC Berkeley College of Commerce
With a total of three students, the Berkeley College of Commerce was established to focus on the international and entrepreneurial arenas of the 20th century.
Establishment of the UC Berkeley School of Public Health
Responding to the urgent need for more public health professionals in the western United States, the California legislature and Governor Earl Warren enacted into law a bill mandating the creation of the first school of public health west of the Mississippi River.
The Roots of Healthcare Management at Berkeley: Hospital Administration
Shortly after the end of World War II, the federal government provided funds through the Hill-Burton Act for the construction of community not-for-profit hospitals to meet the pent-up need for more and better facilities. At about the same time, foundation money became available for the establishment of graduate programs in hospital administration. The Berkeley program opened in the fall of 1948 with a class of seven students. In the early years of the program, many students were World War II veterans who had served in the medical service corps of the Army or Navy. They were supported in their studies through the G.I. Bill of Rights. Until 1960, when a hospital administration program was established at UCLA, Berkeley had the only program in the west. The program was a master in public health (MPH) in health policy and was originally organized as a three-year course of study, with a one-year hospital internship prior to matriculation, one year of course work, and one year of hospital residency.
The Hospital Administration Program Shifts Toward a Management Focus
As administration of hospitals became more complex, the faculty saw the need for students to take relevant courses outside the School of Public Health. A federal grant provided funds for an additional full-time faculty position and for a major revision of the curriculum. In 1967, the structure and content changed from two semesters of academic study and two years of field experience to five quarters of academic study and six to nine months of field experience. This enabled hospital administration students to take courses outside the School of Public Health, especially in the School of Business. The structure of the hospital administration program remained unchanged from 1967 to 1980.
A Committee at the Business and Public Health Schools is Formed
By the late 1970s the health field was changing rapidly with the development of HMOs and health systems. It became increasingly obvious that an MBA combined with an MPH would be excellent preparation for a variety of careers in health management. The deans of the School of Public Health and the School of Business Administration appointed an ad hoc committee consisting of six faculty members drawn from both schools. This committee recommended the development of the concurrent MBA/MPH degree program.
The Dual-degree Healthcare Management Program is Born
Negotiations between the School of Public Health and the School of Business led to the establishment in the early 1980s of the MBA/MPH dual degree program. More specifically, the concurrent degree program (MBA/MPH) was approved by the university's Graduate Council and formally initiated by the two schools in the spring of 1982. Initially the program consisted of five semesters of academic study and a six-month residency. Years later, in 2000, the residency was shortened to a three-month summer internship.
Paul Gertler Appointed Director of the Program
Professor Paul J. Gertler is the Li Ka Shing Distinguished Professor of Economics and Director of the Graduate Program in Health Management in the Haas School. After earning a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Wisconsin, Madison in 1985, Dr. Gertler joined the Department of Health Policy and Management at Harvard University. He left the position in 1989 for the RAND Corporation as a Senior Economist. In 1994, he returned to Harvard University as a visiting professor in the Department of Economics, and was appointed to the faculty at UC Berkeley in 1996.
In August 2004, Dr. Gertler joined the World Bank as Chief Economist of the Human Development Network. In this position, Dr. Gertler led the Human Development Network's research agenda with a goal of developing evidence-based policy advice with particular attention to impact evaluation. His work directly contributed to the Bank's agenda to improve key development outcomes in the areas of education, health, HIV/AIDS, social protection, children and youth.
In addition to these achievements, Dr. Gertler has gained extensive experience in consulting and policy-making with international agencies such as the Asian Development Bank, Inter-American Development Bank, United Nations Development Programme, UNAIDS, World Health Organization and the World Bank. In addition, Dr. Gertler has collaborated with governments on policy related agendas throughout Latin America and Asia, as well as with private sector corporations. Dr. Gertler has received multiple awards, including the Kenneth Arrow Award in Health Economics (1996); Academic Career Leadership Award, United States National Institutes on Health (1998); and a Global Development Network Award (2002). He has also published more than 75 journal articles and books on a wide variety of subjects.
The Certificate in Healthcare Management Program is Born
In 1998, the Haas School created a certificate within the general MBA program focusing on health management. Designed to prepare students to take business leadership roles in health services and health technology industries, the certificate program supplements the standard two-year MBA curriculum with courses in health services organization, strategic planning, and finance. The certificate is open to all students enrolled in the general MBA program.
Kristiana Raube appointed Executive Director of the Program
Kristiana Raube, Ph.D. is an Adjunct Professor at the Haas School and the Executive Director of the Graduate Program in Health Management at UC Berkeley. She is also the Research Director of Bridging the Divide, a program that sponsors student teams to conduct research on technology in the developing world. Dr. Raube has worked to increase health management capacity through executive education and program development both in the US and around the world, including in China, Democratic Republic of the Congo, India, Lesotho, Romania, Togo, Uganda, and Vietnam, among others. In addition, she conducts research focusing on the delivery and financing of health services. She has evaluated a large number of health programs, including ones focused on physician payment, quality of care, access to care, Medicaid-managed care, infant mortality, prenatal care, and community-based healthcare.
Before coming to UC Berkeley in 1999, Dr. Raube was at the University of Chicago where she was Acting Director of the Center for Health Administration Studies, Associate Director of the Chicago Health Policy Council, and Research Associate (Associate Professor) in the Graduate Program of Health Administration and Policy. Dr. Raube received her doctorate in public policy from the RAND Graduate School of Policy Studies, her master's degree in public health from UCLA, and her bachelor of arts degree in biology from the University of Colorado.
GPHM Celebrates its 25th Anniversary
UC Berkeley is proud to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the dual-degree Graduate Program in Health Management. The program has evolved from is hospital administration roots to what is today, through the vision of creating leaders that are well-prepared for a broad spectrum of roles within the dynamic healthcare industry.